Extraction of papain enzyme from papaya leaves using hot water extraction with ultrasonic – assisted pretreatment

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Izzah Suhaila, Abu Bakar (2010) Extraction of papain enzyme from papaya leaves using hot water extraction with ultrasonic – assisted pretreatment. Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering , Universiti Malaysia Pahang .

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Abstract

Papaya leaf is not just a byproduct of papaya tree but it contains an essential enzyme which is papain. The aim of the study is to measure the amount of this enzyme extracted from leaf tissue using hot water extraction with ultrasonic-assisted pretreatment as well as to determine the optimum condition for the extraction process. The leaves were subjected to a pretreatment which is grinding and ultrasonication followed by hot water extraction and finally, enzymatic analysis using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The parameters involved in the process were ultrasonication time (30 – 90 minutes) and frequency (18 – 26 kHz), solid-solvent ratio (1:5 – 1:25), and extraction time (1 – 5 hour) and temperature (50 - 70°C). Among these parameters, maximum concentration of papain enzyme was achieved at 60 minutes and 20 kHz of ultrasonication, solid-solvent ratio at 1:5, extraction time at 4 hours and extraction temperature at 60°C. In conclusion, the maximum concentration of papain enzyme achieved at this optimum parameter was 4.020 µM. Utilization of PEG–phosphate system for separation and purification of papain is recommended in order to get the pure papain enzyme.

Item Type:Undergraduates Project Papers
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enzymes - Biotechnology Extraction (Chemistry)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division:Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
ID Code:3325
Deposited By: Shamsor Masra Othman
Deposited On:11 Jan 2013 08:50
Last Modified:03 Mar 2015 16:00

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