Mathematical Analysis of a Kinetic Model for Enzymatic Cellulose Hydrolysis

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N., Mohd Jamil (2015) Mathematical Analysis of a Kinetic Model for Enzymatic Cellulose Hydrolysis. In: Energy and Sustainability V. WIT Press, pp. 499-510. ISBN 978-1-78466-095-6

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/ESUS140431

Abstract

Biofuel production such as ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass consists of three fundamental processes: pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation. Enzymatic hydrolysis uses two types of enzymes simultaneously: endoglucanase I (EG1) and cellobiohydrolase I (CBH1), to break the cellulose chains into sugar in the form of cellobiose or glucose. We studied a currently proposed kinetic model for enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose that uses the population balance equation. The model describes the changes in the cellulose chain length distribution. The complexity of the model makes finding the analytical solution difficult. Therefore, we split the full model into two cases of individual enzyme hydrolysis action and perform mathematical analysis of a single pure enzyme of both cases. The approximate solutions for both cases were derived by employing the asymptotic analysis method. The integrodifferential equation in the first case is solved using Laplace transform. Some significant characteristics are captured. The higher the rate of exposure of cellulose substrates to enzymes, the higher the number of cellulose chains generated from the breakage process. And also, the rate coefficient for CBH1 to locate and thread a reducing end of a cellulose chain is a key factor in bioconversion.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:Norazaliza Mohd Jamil (N. Mohd Jamil) 5th International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, 16–18 December, 2014, Putrajaya
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions:Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
ID Code:8046
Deposited By: Noorul Farina Arifin
Deposited On:06 Jan 2015 15:20
Last Modified:03 Mar 2015 17:39

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