UMP Institutional Repository

Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate Using Organophosphonic Acid-Functionalised Rice Husk Silica

Gaanty Pragas, Maniam and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and M. M., Yusoff and Noor, Hindryawati and Shalizanis Mariyanti, Dora Siswanto (2015) Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate Using Organophosphonic Acid-Functionalised Rice Husk Silica. In: International Conference on Green Energy 2015, 21-23 Sept 2015 , Florida, USA. . (Unpublished)

[img] PDF
Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate Using Organophosphonic Acid-Functionalised Rice Husk Silica.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (40kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

In the present study, renewable green fuel is produced using a by-product generated during the purification process of palm oil refinery, known as palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD). PFAD has been considered as the most promising biodiesel feedstock despite its drawbacks of high free fatty acid (FFA) and water content. In order to overcome these problems, the organophosphonic acid-functionalized rice husk silica (OP-RHS) catalyst was used in esterification of PFAD. Parametric study has been conducted and the optimal conditions were found to be: MeOH:oil molar ratio of 15:1 and 8 wt.% catalyst amount at 100 °C, yielding highest methyl ester content 88.6% at 8 h reaction time. The catalyst could maintain a high catalytic activity (> 80 %) even during the fourth cycles. The research results show that OP-RHS is a potential catalyst for biodiesel production using high FFA and moisture content feedstock.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transesterification; heterogeneous acid catalyst; palm fatty acid distillate; rice husk ash; biodiesel
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2015 07:38
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 07:23
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/10596
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item