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The Potentials of Water-in-Diesel Emulsions as a Future Fuel

Nour, A. H. and Azhari, H. Nour and Said, N. (2015) The Potentials of Water-in-Diesel Emulsions as a Future Fuel. In: International Conference on Alternative Energy in Developing Countries and Emerging Economies (2015 AEDCEE), 28 & 29 May 2015 , Bangkok, Thailand. . (Unpublished)

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Abstract

With the increasing energy prices and the drives to reduce CO2 emissions, universities and industries are challenged to find new technologies in order to reduce energy consumption, to meet legal requirements on emissions, and for cost reduction and increased quality. The presence of water within diesel fuel in the form of water-in-diesel (W/D) emulsion reduces both particulate matter (PM) and nitrous oxide (NOx), by lowering the combustion temperature and altering the combustion pattern to more completely burn the carbon in the fuel. In this study, emulsion of W/D was prepared by high speed mixing homogenizer and the physical properties (density, viscosity, flash point, surface tension, dynamic viscosity) were investigated. Results show that the emulsions of 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% W/D were stabilized for two months, under the conditions of 2% surfactant, 3000 rpm and 15 minutes of mixing time. Under the same conditions, the stability period was limited to four weeks for emulsions with a water concentration of 40%.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water-in-diesel emulsion, stability, combustion, surfactant, emission
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2015 03:20
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 03:31
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/10737
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