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Surface Water Contamination Due to Industrial Activities in Gebeng Area, Kuantan, Malaysia

Islam, Mir Sujaul and Sobahan, Md Abdus and Ideris, Zakaria and Hossain, Mohamed Amjed (2013) Surface Water Contamination Due to Industrial Activities in Gebeng Area, Kuantan, Malaysia. In: International Conference on Civil and Architecture Engineering (ICCAE'2013), 6-7 May 2013 , Kuala Lumpur. pp. 53-61..

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Abstract

Gebeng is a rapidly growing industrial area of Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The water bodies are being affected by anthropogenic activities. Industrial effluents and waste water having contaminants are incorporated with river water regularly. The study was carried out to explore the pollution level and to find out human interference on river water quality. To conduct the research, surface water was collected from 10 different strategic locations of the river. The physico-chemical characteristics of water including temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), turbidity, nitrate, ammonia-cal-N, phosphate, sulphate and some selected heavy metals were measured by using standard methods. Statistical analyses were done by using SPSS software (version 16.0). The study showed that heavy metals such as Pb, Cu, Co, Cd and As concentrations were higher at station 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 and more polluted, and at the downstream station 8, 9 and 10 were less polluted due to tidal interference. According to DOE-INWQS all stations were categorized as polluted (Class III to and V). Moreover, the most affected parameters were pH, DO, COD, BOD, ammonical nitrogen, nitrate and phosphate. Human activities especially treated and untreated industrial wastes as well as the effluents from the point and non- point sources increased the contamination levels of the studied surface water.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gebeng, Surface water, Heavy metals, Pollutant
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Depositing User: Dr. Mir Sujaul Islam
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2016 03:07
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 03:43
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/11999
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