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The Effects of Five Different Types of Acid Anhydrides and Incorporation of Montmorillonite Nanoclays on Thermosetting Resins

M. R., Islam and Beg, M. D. H. and Saidatul Shima, Jamari (2015) The Effects of Five Different Types of Acid Anhydrides and Incorporation of Montmorillonite Nanoclays on Thermosetting Resins. Polymer Bulletin, 72 (11). pp. 3007-3030. ISSN 0170-0839(Print); 1436-2449(Online)

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Abstract

Five different types of acid anhydrides such as succinic anhydride (SA), maleic anhydride (MA), phthalic anhydride (PA), 3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalic anhydride (TPA) and cis-1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride (CDA) were used to prepare various polyalkyd resins from palm oil by following alcoholysis and esterification reaction. Palm oil was subjected to dehydration process using concentrated sulphuric acid prior to alcoholysis to improve the unsaturation in the fatty acid chains. Various physicochemical properties of the resins such as acid value, iodine value, yield, density, specific gravity, molecular weight, non-volatile material content, drying time, colour, solubility, etc., were tested by using standard methods. The resins were cured by using methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP), styrene and cobalt naphthenate at 120 °C. To enhance the thermal, structural and other resinous properties, 0.5 wt% of montmorillonite nanoclays (MNCs) was dispersed in TPA-based resin. The cured films were tested for X-ray diffraction, surface morphology, tensile properties, pencil hardness, gloss, gel content, swelling ratio, adhesion, thermogravimetric analysis, and chemical resistivity. In addition, hydrophobicity of the cured films was observed by contact angle measurement. A comparison was drawn among the resins as well as the films prepared from different acid anhydrides. Analysis revealed that TPA-based resin/film shows improved characteristics among the others due to high degree of crosslinking. On the other hand, incorporation of MNCs into the polyalkyds led to higher thermal properties, acceptable pencil hardness and reduced wettability, which may suit this film to be applied for high-performance surface coating applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyalkyds - Palm oil - Alcoholysis - Montmorillonite nanoclays - 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nurul Amanina Lokman
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 04:31
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 03:16
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/12390
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