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Treatment of POME via chitosan based flocculation : a study on variable ph and temperature

Noriedah, Sofian (2008) Treatment of POME via chitosan based flocculation : a study on variable ph and temperature. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering , Universiti Malaysia Pahang .

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is one of the major problematic oily wastewaters in Malaysia. POME contains 4,000 mg/L of oil and grease, which is relatively high compared to the limit of only 50 mg/L set by the Malaysian Department of Environment. In this study, chitosan, poly-b-(1,4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose (N-deacetylated) was used as an adsorbent to adsorb the excess oil from oily wastewater. Besides, chitosan is a biodegradable cationic biopolymer achieved by the extensive deacetylation of chitin obtained from prawn shell waste. The study was conducted by using jar-test apparatus to evaluate the oil removal performance via chitosan. The parameters studied were the effect of variation of pH and temperatures; as well as monitoring of settling rate. From the results, it showed that at pH 5 and optimum temperature of 60 o C, provided the most suitable conditions for the residue oil removal with employing the settling rate for 120 minutes. In conclusion, chitosan has a potential in removing oil from oily wastewater.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project paper (Bachelor of Chemical Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2008
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil Chitosan Flocculation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Iswan Akim
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2011 23:58
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 07:50
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/1321
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