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Effect of magnesium addition on the microstructure and properties of ductile Ni-resist alloy using in-mould magnesium treatment method

Mohd Rashidi, Maarof (2015) Effect of magnesium addition on the microstructure and properties of ductile Ni-resist alloy using in-mould magnesium treatment method. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

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Abstract

For engineering reasons, ductile Ni-resist alloys are widely used in oil and gas, automotive industries and elevated temperature purposes. Ductile Ni-resist offers an advantage because this alloy has an austenitic structure at all temperatures. However, ductile Ni-resist alloy faces economical limitation due to the high price of nickel for alloying of ductile Ni-resist. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the possibility to reduce nickel consumption by substituting nickel with manganese to generate austenitic structure of ductile Ni-resist. Austenitic structure was formed by adding a nickel with much higher manganese percentage consumption as compared to standard usage. The control of carbide formation due to increasing Mnlwt. % was conducted using inoculation method. The effect on solidification was evaluated using cooling curve thermal analysis, complemented by microscopic observation and mechanical properties. It was observed that both Mn/wt. % and inoculation affect the austenitic structure and solidification cooling curve. Solidification cooling curve was lowered with increasing Mn/wt. %.It was also observed that graphite microstructure can be modified by both Mn/wt. % and inoculation. The morphology and graphite distribution was affected by increasing Mri/wt. % and inoculation. An isolated region due to segregation known as 'Last To Freeze' was the last area to solidify. Tensile strength and elongation at room temperature dropped by 21.5% (12Mn-lONi wt %) and 20.0% respectively as compared to D2 standard alloys. Tensile strength at elevated temperature showed that this alloy can withstand up to 150 MPa, dropped by 6.15% (12Mn-lONi wt. %) compared to D2 standard alloy. Corrosion test proved that corrosion rate is comparable to unmodified ductile Ni-resist. Three dense oxide layers were formed on the alloy surface at elevated temperature. A good agreement was observed between the result of the solidification cooling curve, microstructure and mechanical properties.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (Mechanical Engineering)) -- Universiti Teknologi Malaysia – 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ni-resist alloys; in-mould magnesium; magnesium
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nurezzatul Akmal Salleh
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 01:36
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 01:36
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/13529
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