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Humidity Versus Photo-Stability of Metal Halide Perovskite Films in a Polymer Matrix

Nurul Ain, Manshor and Qamar, Wali and Wong, Ka Kang and Saifful Kamaluddin, Muzakir and Azhar, Fakharuddin and Schmidt-Mende, Lukas and Rajan, Jose (2016) Humidity Versus Photo-Stability of Metal Halide Perovskite Films in a Polymer Matrix. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18. pp. 21629-21639. ISSN 1463-9076 (print), 1463-9084 (online)

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Abstract

Despite the high efficiency of over 21% reported for emerging thin film perovskite solar cells, one of the key issues prior to their commercial deployment is to attain their long term stability under ambient and outdoor conditions. The instability in perovskite is widely conceived to be humidity induced due to the water solubility of its initial precursors, which leads to decomposition of the perovskite crystal structure; however, we note that humidity alone is not the major degradation factor and it is rather the photon dose in combination with humidity exposure that triggers the instability. In our experiment, which is designed to decouple the effect of humidity and light on perovskite degradation, we investigate the shelf-lifetime of CH3NH3PbI3 films in the dark and under illumination under high humidity conditions (Rel. H. > 70%). We note minor degradation in perovskite films stored in a humid dark environment whereas upon exposure to light, the films undergo drastic degradation, primarily owing to the reactive TiO2/perovskite interface and also the surface defects of TiO2. To enhance its air-stability, we incorporate CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite in a polymer (poly-vinylpyrrolidone, PVP) matrix which retained its optical and structural characteristics in the dark for ∼2000 h and ∼800 h in room light soaking, significantly higher than a pristine perovskite film, which degraded completely in 600 h in the dark and in less than 100 h when exposed to light. We attribute the superior stability of PVP incorporated perovskite films to the improved structural stability of CH3NH3PbI3 and also to the improved TiO2/perovskite interface upon incorporating a polymer matrix. Charge injection from the polymer embedded perovskite films has also been confirmed by fabricating solar cells using them, thereby providing a promising future research pathway for stable and efficient perovskite solar cells.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: perovskite; polymer matrix; humidity
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Jose Rajan
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2016 06:27
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2018 02:27
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/13946
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