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Nano Crystal Cellulose Incorporated Poly Vinyl Alcohol (PVA) Hydrogel for Industrial Waste Water Treatment

Zianor Azrina, Z. A. and Beg, M. D. H. and R. M., Yunus and Ridzuan, Ramli (2017) Nano Crystal Cellulose Incorporated Poly Vinyl Alcohol (PVA) Hydrogel for Industrial Waste Water Treatment. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 11 (3 Special). pp. 137-142. ISSN 1991-8178

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Abstract

In this work, nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was extracted from raw oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber. The NCC microstructure was evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Scanning electron microscope reveals the comparative surface morphology of raw EFB and NCC. The freeze-thawing cyclic process was applied to fabricate NCC incorporated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) (NCC-PVA) hydrogel . The aim of this work is to improve removal capacity of methylene blue (MB) dye from industrial waste water using NCC incorporated PVA hydrogel. The gel fraction NCC-PVA hydrogel is lower as compared to neat PVA hydrogel. The NCC-PVA hydrogel was applied to remove the methylene blue (MB) dye from industrial waste water. The NCC enhanced the dye absorption capacity of NCC-PVA hydrogel as compared to neat PVA hydrogel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline, Cellulose (NCC), hydrogel, Poly vinyl alcohol (PVA), Methyl Blue (MB), dyes, Wastewater treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mohammad Dalour Hossen Beg
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 02:17
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2018 02:17
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/15735
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