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Assessment of Heavy Metal Contents in Surface Sediment of the Tungguk River Surrounding the Industrial Complex of Gebeng City

Islam, Mir Sujaul and Karim, Md. Abdul and Mohamad Idris, Ali and Noram Irwan, Ramli (2017) Assessment of Heavy Metal Contents in Surface Sediment of the Tungguk River Surrounding the Industrial Complex of Gebeng City. Bioresearch Communications, 3 (1). pp. 362-371. ISSN 2411-0485 (Print); 2411-0272 (Online)

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Abstract

Gebeng is one of the most important industrial regions in Kuantan, Pahang. The study was conducted in the Gebeng industrial estate to investigate the effect of industrialization on heavy metal concentration in the river tributaries. Sediments were collected from 10 different strategic stations along the river bed. Selected heavy metals were measured by using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. Several approaches were used to assess the pollution level of studied sediments. The results revealed that sediments were highly polluted, especially by Co (Contamination factor up to 276.00, Enrichment factor up to 61.00 and Geo-accumulation index up to 55.00) and Hg (CF up to 120.00, EF up to 49.00 and Igeo up to 80.00). The studied heavy metal pollution were ranked as Co> Hg> As> Pb> Zn> Cu> Cr> Cd> Ni>Ba. Based on pollution level sampling stations were classified as 1>10>8>7>9>6>3>2>5>4. This study will help in the river management strategy of the nation through providing updated heavy metals status of the studied sediment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gebeng, Sediment, Heavy metals, Pollutant
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre for Earth Resources Research & Management
Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 06:11
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 02:17
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/16671
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