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Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil using Calcium Loaded on Deoiled Spent Bleaching Clay as a Solid Base Catalyst

Gaanty Pragas, Maniam and Rehan, Zainol Abidin and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim (2016) Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil using Calcium Loaded on Deoiled Spent Bleaching Clay as a Solid Base Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (2). pp. 176-181. ISSN 1978-2993

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Abstract

Waste cooking oil has a high potential as a raw material in biodiesel production due to its abundant availability and cheapest among other feedstock. Hence transesterification reaction is carried out using waste cooking oil in this research. The objective of this study is to synthesize and characterize the catalyst. On the other hand, deoiled spent bleaching clay impregnated with 40% CaO utilized as a catalyst. Optimization was carried out on methanol to oil molar ratio (6:1-24:1), catalyst loading (3-10 wt.%) and reaction duration (2-10 h). The catalyst of deoiled spent bleaching clay doped with 40% CaO was prepared by wet impregnation method and calcined at 500 °C for 4 hours. The catalyst shows high activity under optimum condition of 5 hours of reaction time, 12:1 of methanol to oil molar ratio with 7 wt.% of catalyst. The transesterification yields 84.7% methyl ester. Therefore, this catalyst has potential to be used in the transesterification of waste cooking oil in producing biodiesel due to its high activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Waste cooking oil; Spent bleaching clay; Calcium oxide; Transesterification
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Gaanty Pragas Maniam
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2017 06:58
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 08:10
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/16830
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