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Development of a highly sensitive ACDC magnetometer utilizing high-Tc squid for characterization of magnetic mixture materials

Mohd Mawardi, Saari (2015) Development of a highly sensitive ACDC magnetometer utilizing high-Tc squid for characterization of magnetic mixture materials. PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Development of a highly sensitive ACDC magnetometer utilizing high-Tc squid for characterization of magnetic mixture materials - Abstract.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

Magnetometers have become considerably important nowadays in many fields owing to promising potentials of non-invasive magnetic technique. A magnetometer that possesses high sensitivity, compact and low-running cost is rather desired so that it is versatile compared to conventional magnetometers and applicable in many areas. This thesis reports developmentof an AC/DC magnetometer using a high-Ta SQUID (high critical temperature superconducting quantum interference devices) with a flux transformer. The critical feature of the system r is the use of a high-Ta SQUID and a normal conductive detection coil, which enables the realization of a compact, highly sensitive and low-running-cost system. Optimizations and improvements performed during this work to increase the performance of the developed system are presented. Implementation of a feedback system of dual excitation coil enabled a wide range of excitation magnetic field to be achieved with high resolution. Optimizations on the shape of detection coil and sample increased the sensitivity in DC susceptibility measurement. The proposed harmonic detection technique for DC susceptibility measurement was effective in improving the signal-to-noise ratio. A compensation coil technique was implemented during fabrication of detection coil for AC susceptibi1ft measurement to archive effective reduction in interference signal from excitation magnetic field and compact integration of AC/DC detection coil. This thesis culminates with two demonstrations of the developed system in a non-destructive evaluation of moisture content in mortar and a characterization of magnetic moment distribution in low-concentration solutions of magnetic nanoparticles for bio-medical applications. The separation of magnetic properties in mixture materials was successfully achieved with high sensitivity in both applications. The developed system can be expected as a powerful instrument for explorations of magnetic properties and non-destructive tests in future.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Doctor of Philosphy Natural Science and Technology) -- Okayama University - 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electricity; Magnetism
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Siti Nur Sahidah Ahmad
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 07:56
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 03:22
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/16929
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