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The Effect of Lanthanum Addition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of A390 Aluminium Alloy

Bagaber, Salem Abdullah and Abdullahi, Tijjani and Zawati, Harun and Daib, Nateq and Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan, Othman (2017) The Effect of Lanthanum Addition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of A390 Aluminium Alloy. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 42 (11). pp. 4559-4564. ISSN 1319-8025 (print); 2191-4281 (online)

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Abstract

Aluminium alloys are widely used in the industries and for biomedical applications, because when compared with other materials they provide a high strength-to-weight ratio, better wear resistance, less density, and low coefficient of thermal expansion. However, these alloys possess some limitations in terms of the interactive effects of additives. Therefore, the target of this research is to study the influence of Lanthanum addition of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 wt% on the microstructure and mechanical properties of hypereutectic Al–Si alloy. Optical microscopic test, FESEM spectroscopy, XRD, and mechanical properties testing, such as tensile, impact, and hardness test were carried out for characterization purposes. The result indicates the formation of intermetallic compounds, while the value of the secondary dendrite arm spacing became smaller with increasing La addition. The optimum modification of A390 alloy eutectic structure was at 1.0 wt% of La, which improved the ductility from 0.7 to 1.8% and a recorded increase in tensile strength from 100 to 150 MPa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aluminium alloy; Rare earths; Modification; Microstructure; Mechanical properties
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2017 03:22
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2018 03:42
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/17750
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