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Synthesis and Electrochemical Evaluation of the PANI/δ-MnO2 Electrode for High Performing Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Izan Izwan, Misnon and Rajan, Jose (2017) Synthesis and Electrochemical Evaluation of the PANI/δ-MnO2 Electrode for High Performing Asymmetric Supercapacitors. New Journal of Chemistry, 41 (14). pp. 6574-6584. ISSN 1144-0546

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Abstract

A comprehensive analysis on the effect of in-situ polymerization of polyaniline (PANI) on hydrothermally synthesized Birnessite-type MnO2 (δ-MnO2) flowers on the structural, surface, morphological, and electroctrochemical properties are presented in this article. The PANI–MnO2 electrodes showed ~170% higher specific capacitance than pure MnO2; the factors contributing to this enhancement is systematically investigated and discussed. The PANI modification enabled the inactive surface of the MnO2 to be electrochemically active and reduced the characteristic resistances and charge relaxation time. Furthermore, the PANI modification improved the composite conductivity and resulted in (i) reduction of surface pseudocapacitance from 87% (MnO2) to 54% (PANI–MnO2) and (ii) improvement of active charge contribution from 42% (MnO2) to 46% (PANI–MnO2). The mechanism of these changes is discussed. Furthermore, asymmetric (PANI–MnO2//AC and PANI-MnO2//OMC) and symmetric (AC//AC and OMC//OMC) (where AC is activated carbon and OMC is mesoporous carbon) supercapacitors are fabricated in coin cell casing and evaluated their charge storage properties. Impressive increase in energy storage is observed; however, their properties varied according to porosity of the carbon electrode. Results from this study provide a better understanding on the charge storage behaviour of polymer coated metal oxide electrodes with varied choice of carbons in asymmetric supercapacitors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis; electrochemical; asymmetric supercapacitors; PANI–MnO2
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Izan Izwan Misnon
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2017 06:01
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 07:23
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18227
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