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Degree of Reaction and Alkali-Leaching of Geopolymer Containing Ca-Rich Source Material and Dipotassium Hydrogen Phosphate

Norbaizurah, Rahman and Kusbiantoro, Andri and Khairunisa, Muthusamy and Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri, Abdullah (2018) Degree of Reaction and Alkali-Leaching of Geopolymer Containing Ca-Rich Source Material and Dipotassium Hydrogen Phosphate. Key Engineering Materials, 765. pp. 275-279. ISSN 1013-9826 (print); 1662-9795 (online)

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Abstract

Disparity of anion and cation in geopolymer framework may result in the formation of efflorescence on the surface of hardened geopolymer specimen. The existence of efflorescence would be intensified with the use of dipotassium hydrogen phosphate (K2HPO4) as a chemical retarder for geopolymer mixture. In this study, paper mill sludge ash (PMSA) was used as a Ca-rich aluminosilicate source to reduce the development of efflorescence crystals. PMSA was utilized to partially replace fly ash at 5% and 10% (by weight of fly ash). Meanwhile, K2HPO4 was used as the external agent with various proportions, which were 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.5% (by weight of fly ash). The external agent in this study was purposed to extend the setting time and enhance the mechanical properties of geopolymer. Fly ash and PMSA (if any) were activated by reacting them with 6M sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solution. Freshly cast specimens were cured for 24 hours in electronic oven with the temperature setting of 30°C and 90°C. They were demoulded after 24 h and kept at room temperature (28±2 °C) until the testing day. Evaluation on the setting time characteristic of fresh geopolymer mortar was conducted with Vicat test while degree of reaction was performed on the hardened specimens to measure the reaction of fly ash during geopolymerization. Based on the experimental result, the inclusion of 5% PMSA shows the greatest effect in reducing the development of efflorescence crystal and increase the degree of reaction of geopolymer system. It is presumed that PMSA has altered the geopolymerization process by activating calcium oxide precursors to form three tetrahedral structures in the framework.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geopolymer, Paper Mill Sludge Ash, Dipotassium Hydrogen Phosphate, High Temperature Curing, Efflorescence
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 01:44
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 07:51
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/19003
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