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Using Bimodal Gaussian Mixture Model-Based Algorithm for Background Segmentation in Thermal Fever Mass Screening

Siti Sofiah, Mohd Radzi and Kamarul Hawari, Ghazali and Nazriyah, Che Zan and Faradila, Naim (2011) Using Bimodal Gaussian Mixture Model-Based Algorithm for Background Segmentation in Thermal Fever Mass Screening. In: 2nd World Conference on Information Technology, 24-28 November 2011 , Antalya, Turkey. .

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Abstract

Since the SARS outbreak in 2003, the use of thermal imaging technology for fever mass screening in public areas becomes important. Mass screening is the first stage screening before individual screening for further verification and it is very effective to avoid congestion. In non-contact temperature measurement, the medial canthal - between the corner of the eyes and lachrymal (tear) duct - is the best area to represent the elevated body temperature for fever detection. The available thermal technology only provides the ability to detect temperature dimension of objects instead of the regions of interest. For instance, if there is similarity in temperature between regions of background and medial canthal area, thermal camera alone is unable to identify the correct region. Hitherto, in most of installed thermal imaging in airports, this problem is only solved by human operators, thus its effectiveness is influenced by human factors. In this paper, an algorithm based on Gaussian Bi -modal Mixture Models (GBMM) is proposed for background-foreground segmentation as an important feature to identify medial canthal area. To estimate the bi - modal background-foreground distribution mixture parameters, Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm is applied and the images are clustered statistically and linearly. The results are later multiplied with background subtraction results to get a better quality of segmentation. The 640x480 thermal resolution imagery sequences are used as input and the intensity of the pixels are collected from arriving passengers in Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) under a controlled ambient temperature. Twenty image sequences were used in the experiments and the result shown the feasibility of the proposed algorithm.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Published online on Science Direct. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gaussian Bi-modal Mixture Models; Thermal Imagery; Fever Mass Screening;Background Segmentation
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Siti Aishah Ghani
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2012 01:30
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 06:48
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/2112
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