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Enzymatic production of fructooligosaccharides from phytoenzymes of ananas comosus waste by using response surface methodology: one factor

Nur Dini, M. J. and Noormazlinah, Ahmad and Norhanimah, Hamidi and Nurul Aini, Mohd Azman (2018) Enzymatic production of fructooligosaccharides from phytoenzymes of ananas comosus waste by using response surface methodology: one factor. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Biotechnology (JCEIB), 3. pp. 37-50. ISSN 0126-8139

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Abstract

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are low calorie sweeteners with prebiotic property which is widely used as functional food material. FOS can be produced by using phytoenzymes from Ananas comosus waste. Pineapple (Ananas comosus) fruits are available at most of Asean country. In this work, One Factor at A Time (OFAT) by Response Surface Method (RSM) using Design Expert version 7.0 have been applied to optimize the FOS concentrations by enzymatic reaction of sucrose with phytoenzymes from Ananas Comosus waste. The studied variables were: temperature (30-90 ̊C), pH (3-9), time of reaction (10-120 minutes), sucrose concentrations (20%-80%w/v) and phytoenzymes concentrations (10%-100%w/v) of reaction correspondingly. As a result, an optimum condition FOS production was obtained are, time of reaction (100 minutes), temperature (60 ̊C), pH (5.5), sucrose concentration (60%w/v), and phytoenzymes concentration (30% w/v), respectively and producing 150.456 (g/ml).This investigation can be further extended to explore the prebiotic potential of synthesized FOS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fructooligosaccharides, Ananas comosus, phytoenzymes, waste, One Factor at A Time, Design Expert
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2018 02:48
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2018 07:59
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21398
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