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A first report on biodiesel production from Aglaia korthalsii seed oil using waste marine barnacle as a solid catalyst

Intan Shafinaz, Abd Manaf and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and Natanamurugaraj, Govindan and Gaanty Pragas, Maniam (2018) A first report on biodiesel production from Aglaia korthalsii seed oil using waste marine barnacle as a solid catalyst. Industrial Crops and Products, 125. pp. 395-400. ISSN 0926-6690

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Abstract

Feedstock cost is one of the main considerations in biodiesel production and researchers intensively searching for a low cost feedstock in order to make the process viable. This study reports the use of Aglaia korthalsii seed oil as a potential feedstock for biodiesel production using waste marine barnacle as a solid catalyst. A. korthalsii with oil content of 16.2 ± 0.18 wt.% was subjected to transesterification using barnacle (a source of CaO) as a solid base catalyst. The catalyst was characterized using TGA, XRD and FESEM; upon calcination CaCO3 turned into CaO, the species that catalyze the transesterification reaction. Parametric optimization under Central Composite Design revealed that the optimal reaction conditions are as follow: 12.2:1 MeOH:oil molar ratio and 4.7 wt.% catalyst at 65 °C, 3 h reaction duration, under which A. korthalsii oil was successfully converted into methyl ester (ME) with highest conversion of 97.12 ± 0.49%. The catalyst could be reused for four times, maintaining methyl ester content at 95.83% and the product meets the key specifications for biodiesel.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aglaia korthalsii; Biodiesel; Feedstock; Bioenergy; Crop and product
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2018 06:53
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 08:01
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22262
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