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Studies on the performance of tubular flow reactor for esterification of free fatty acid from used cooking oil using highly porous cation exchange resin as catalyst

Nursofia, Mohd Yunus and Sumaiya, Zainal Abidin and Chin, S. Y. (2018) Studies on the performance of tubular flow reactor for esterification of free fatty acid from used cooking oil using highly porous cation exchange resin as catalyst. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 40 (21). pp. 2518-2527. ISSN 1556-7036 (Print); 1556-7230 (Online)

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Abstract

Semi-batch esterification of free fatty acid (FFA) from used cooking oil with methanol was carried out using RCP160M cation exchange resin in a tubular flow reactor (TFR). The results revealed that the conversion of FFA increased with the increase of catalyst bed height, methanol to oil mass ratio and decreases with increase of feedstock flow rates. However, the FFA conversion was decreased upon further increases of methanol to oil mass ratio from 6:1 to 12:1. This might possibly happen due to several factors such as mass transfer limitation between reactants and catalyst and inhomogeneity of the reactants during the reaction.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Index by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Esterification, free fatty acid, ion exchange resin, Semi-batch, tubular flow reactor, used cooking oil
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2018 04:32
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 04:32
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22288
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