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Transesterification of Karanja (Pongammia Pinnata) oil using barnacle derived CaO mixed ZnO

Siti Norhafiza, Mohd Khazaai and Nurul Hajar, Embong and Hasnida, Hasshim and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and Gaanty Pragas, Maniam (2018) Transesterification of Karanja (Pongammia Pinnata) oil using barnacle derived CaO mixed ZnO. In: AIP Conference Proceedings: 3rd International Conference on Applied Science and Technology, ICAST 2018, 10-12 April 2018 , Georgetown, Penang. p. 1., 2016 (1). ISSN 0094243X

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Abstract

Karanja oil (Pongamia Pinnata) as non-edible oil is chosen as alternative biodiesel feedstock as comparable diesel fuel prolonged due to the battle of starvation on using of edible oils traditionally. Transesterification reaction of Karanja oil extracted from Soxhlet method and catalysed by barnacle as a CaO source mixed with ZnO through ball mill method at 1:2 ratios, calcined for 3 h at 700 °C successfully to produce biodiesel. The optimal conditions were found to be: methanol/oil mass ratio, 12:1; catalyst amount, 9 wt% at the reaction temperature, 65 °C within 3 h of reaction time achieving 97.75% of methyl ester conversion.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Index by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Karanja (Pongammia Pinnata); CaO mixed ZnO
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 02:50
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 02:50
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22407
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