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Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches

Zuhaili, Zakaria and Sarani, Zakaria and Chia, Chin Hua and Sharifah Nabihah, Syed Jaafar and Rasidi, Roslan and Umar Adli, Amran (2018) Bio-phenolic resin from oil palm empty fruit bunches. In: AIP Conference Proceedings: UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium 2017, 12-13 July 2017 , Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor. p. 1., 1940. ISSN 0094-243X

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Abstract

Utilization of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) in the production of bio-phenolic resin is an alternative way to reduce the dependency of petroleum-based phenol. In this study, resol type bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesized from EFB fibers using sulfuric acid as the catalyst to produce liquefied empty fruit bunches (LEFB) followed by resinification reaction with formaldehyde in alkaline condition. The SEM image of LEFB residue showed separation of fiber bundles into individual fibers. This indicate that lignin was destroyed during the liquefaction process. The increased of formaldehyde/LEFB molar ratio has resulted an increase of viscosity, solid content and pH of the resin. The obtained FTIR spectra confirmed that functional groups of BPR resins was almost similar with commercial resin.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Index by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-phenolic resin; Oil palm; Fruit bunches
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 07:19
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 07:19
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23190
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