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Studies on spinel cobaltites, MCo2O4 (M = Mn, Zn, Fe, Ni and Co) and their functional properties

Darbar, Devendrasinh and Anilkumar, M. R. and Rajagopalan, Vijayaraghavan and Bhattacharya, Indranil and Elim, Hendry Izaac and Ramakrishnappa, T. and Ezema, F. I. and Rajan, Jose and Reddy, M. V. (2018) Studies on spinel cobaltites, MCo2O4 (M = Mn, Zn, Fe, Ni and Co) and their functional properties. Ceramics International, 44 (5). pp. 4630-4639. ISSN 0272-8842

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Abstract

Optimization of electrodes for charge storage with appropriate processing conditions places significant challenges in the developments for high performance charge storage devices. In this article, metal cobaltite spinels of formula MCo2O4 (where M = Mn, Zn, Fe, Ni and Co) are synthesized by oxalate decomposition method followed by calcination at three typical temperatures, viz. 350, 550, and 750 °C and examined their performance variation when used as anodes in lithium ion batteries. Phase and structure of the materials are studied by powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Single phase MnCo2O4,ZnCo2O4 and Co3O4 are obtained for all different temperatures 350 °C, 550 °C and 750 °C; whereas FeCo2O4 and NiCo2O4 contained their constituent binary phases even after repeated calcination. Morphologies of the materials are studied via scanning electron microscopy (SEM): needle-shaped particles of MnCo2O4 and ZnCo2O4, submicron sized particles of FeCo2O4 and agglomerated submicron particle of NiCo2O4 are observed. Galvanostatic cycling has been conducted in the voltage range 0.005–3.0 V vs. Li at a current density of 60 mA g−1 up to 50 cycles to study their Li storage capabilities. Highest observed charge capacities are: MnCo2O4 – 365 mA h g−1 (750 °C); ZnCo2O4 – 516 mA h g−1 (550 °C); FeCo2O4 – 480 mA h g−1 (550 °C); NiCo2O4 – 384 mA h g−1 (750 °C); and Co3O4 – 675 mA h g−1(350 °C). The Co3O4 showed the highest reversible capacity of 675 mA h g−1; the NiO present in NiCo2O4 acts as a buffer layer that results in improved cycling stability; the ZnCo2O4 with long needle-like shows good cycling stability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxalate decomposition method; Energy Storage Materials; Lithium ion batteries; Electrodes; Electrochemical properties; Metal cobaltite
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 01:07
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 01:07
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23284
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