Highly porous TiO2 nanofibers by humid-electrospinning with enhanced photocatalytic properties

Aghasiloo, Peyman and Yousefzadeh, Maryam and Latifi, Masoud and Rajan, Jose (2019) Highly porous TiO2 nanofibers by humid-electrospinning with enhanced photocatalytic properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 790. pp. 257-265. ISSN 0925-8388 (print), 1873-4669 (online). (Published)

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Development of porous TiO2 nanostructures with high surface area and porosity is an active area of research due to their versatile properties for diverse applications. Owing to the large aspect ratio of nanofibers (NFs) and their impressive properties, electrospinning has been a widely adopted technology for developing TiO2 nanofibers. Conventionally, porous electrospun ceramic nanostructures are produced by using sacrificial materials and post-sintering secondary chemical treatments. In this work, we demonstrate that porous TiO2nanofibers (NFs) could be synthesized by optimizing the humidity in the electrospinning chamber without any post-sintering treatments and the porous TiO2 nanofibers thereby produced show high catalytic activities. Three other TiO2 structures are used as benchmark materials in this work: (i) solid TiO2NFs, (ii) TiO2 NFs obtained by the removal of glycerin and (iii) TiO2 NFs obtained by etching TiO2/ZnO composite nanofibers. The BET surface area of the materials (ii) and (iii) did not differ much (∼60–63 m2/g); however, the porous TiO2 NFs produced in high humidity nearly thrice surface area (∼128 m2/g) than (i). To demonstrate the variation of properties of the four types of TiO2 NFs, photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) is demonstrated. Over 70% of the MB could be degraded by the materials produced by high humidity in 30 min whereas it was 30% for the benchmark materials. The strategy presented here could be adopted for synthesizing highly porous TiO2 NFs for a range of applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: TiO2 nanofibers; Electrospinning; Highly porous nanofibers; Photocatalytic activity
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2019 02:13
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 02:13
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24687
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