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An Overview of Crowd Evacuation Simulation

Noor Akma, Abu Bakar and Mazlina, Abdul Majid and Khalid, Adam (2017) An Overview of Crowd Evacuation Simulation. Advanced Science Letters, 23 (11). pp. 11428-11431. ISSN 1936-6612

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Abstract

Emergency scenario is an unforeseen situation that threated human life. Emergency action plans comprising crowd evacuation is essential to prevent the occurrence of human injury and death. Therefore, this paper proposed a crowd evacuation simulation model to provide an effective and realistic approach in dealing with evacuation procedure during fire in a building. In order to build a reliable simulation model, this paper focuses on exploring the characteristics and significance of existing simulation models and techniques from the literature. Combination of Social Force Model (SFM) and Agent Based Simulation (ABS) technique has been chosen as the solution to realistically model fire emergency evacuation scenario. The proactive and independent characteristics of agents in both approaches will contribute to the good representation of actual fire scenarios in the crowd evacuation simulation

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crowd Evacuation; Simulation Model; Hybrid Model; Fire Evacuation Simulation; Modelling and Simulation
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Computer System And Software Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mazlina Abdul Majid
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 08:14
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 08:14
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25150
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