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Comparison of feature selection techniques in classifying stroke documents

Nur Syaza Izzati, Mohd Rafei and Rohayanti, Hassan and Saedudin, R. D. Rohmat and Anis Farihan, Mat Raffei and Zalmiyah, Zakaria and Shahreen, Kasim (2019) Comparison of feature selection techniques in classifying stroke documents. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 14 (3). pp. 1244-1250. ISSN 2502-4752

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Abstract

The amount of digital biomedical literature grows that make most of the researchers facing the difficulties to manage and retrieve the required information from the Internet because this task is very challenging. The application of text classification on biomedical literature is one of the solutions in order to solve problem that have been faced by researchers but managing the high dimensionality of data being a common issue on text classification. Therefore, the aim of this research is to compare the techniques that could be used to select the relevant features for classifying biomedical text abstracts. This research focus on Pearson‟s Correlation and Information Gain as feature selection techniques for reducing the high dimensionality of data. Towards this effort, we conduct and evaluate several experiments using 100 abstract of stroke documents that retrieved from PubMed database as datasets. This dataset underwent the text pre-processing that is crucial before proceed to feature selection phase. Features selection phase is involving Information Gain and Pearson Correlation technique. Support Vector Machine classifier is used in order to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of two feature selection techniques. For this dataset, Information Gain has outperformed Pearson‟s Correlation by 3.3%. This research tends to extract the meaningful features from a subset of stroke documents that can be used for various application especially in diagnose the stroke disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Feature selection, Information gain, Pearson correlation, Text classification, Support vector machine
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Computer System And Software Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Anis Farihan Mat Raffei
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 09:00
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2019 09:00
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25304
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