Hybrid GMR/IR probe to reduce the effects of lift-off

Faraj, Moneer A. and Fahmi, Samsuri and Abdalla, Ahmed N. and Rifai, Damhuji and Kharudin, Ali and Al-Douri, Y. (2019) Hybrid GMR/IR probe to reduce the effects of lift-off. Measurement and Control, 52 (5-6). pp. 588-598. ISSN 0020-2940. (Published)

Pdf (Open access)
Hybrid GMR_IR probe to reduce the effects of lift-off.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Eddy current testing technique is being utilized in engineering, such as in nuclear steam pipe, aircraft and gas/oil pipeline, due to its sensitivity to small cracks and subsurface defects, immediate results, environmental friendliness, and use in examining complex sizes and shapes of substances. However, the lift-off noise due to irregular inspected materials surface, varying coating thicknesses, or movement of transducers extremely limits the implementation of eddy current testing in a non-disastrous testing which impacts the measure of defect depth on the conductive material. In this paper, a study on hybrid giant magneto-resistance/infrared probe is proposed to minimize the influence of lift-off for detecting the depth defect. The giant magneto-resistance reads the magnetic field which reflects any defect inside the pipeline, and infrared sensors read the movement of each giant magneto-resistance inside the pipeline. The error compensation technique depends on Mamdani fuzzy which examines the interaction that exists between the peak value of giant magneto-resistance and the infrared sensor signal. The eddy current testing inspection system includes details of the giant magneto-resistance–eddy current probe design and instrumentation of the error compensation technique. The measurement method is based on alternating current supply with 30 kHz frequency to ensure that the crack signals are clearly displayed. The proposed method is verified experimentally, and the result shows that the impact of lift-off noise is highly reduced in the eddy current testing technique and enhances the sensor accuracy. The depth defect error caused by 1 mm lift-off is reduced to 7.20%.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eddy current testing; GMR sensor; Mamdani Fuzzy; Lift-off; Depth defect
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 09:07
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 09:07
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25572
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item