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Physical, chemical and morphology characterisation of nano ceramic powder as bitumen modification

Hussein, Ahmed Abdulameer and Putra Jaya, Ramadhansyah and Haryati, Yaacob and Norhidayah, Abdul Hassan and Aletba, Salam Ridha Oleiwi and Huseien, Ghasan Fahim and Ekarizan, Shaffie and Mohd Rosli, Mohd Hasan (2019) Physical, chemical and morphology characterisation of nano ceramic powder as bitumen modification. International Journal of Pavement Engineering. pp. 1-14. ISSN 1477-268X (In Press)

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Abstract

The physical, chemical and morphology characteristics of the ceramic source enable its waste to be a novel modifier for bitumen. This study employed the top-down approach via dry grinding in a mechanical ball mill to generate a nanoceramic powder (NCP). As a result, NCP was successfully generated with an optimum duration of 15 h and optimum Ball-to-Powder Ratio (BPR) of 10:1. The results also indicated that the particle size of NCP was significantly decreased to less than 100 nm. XRD pattern and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of the NCP-modified bitumen (NCPMB) indicated good dispersion of the NCP within the bitumen matrix. This improvement led, in turn, to decrease in the penetration and to increase in softening point and rutting resistance factor (G*/sin δ) of the NCPMB. In addition, the contact angle results indicated that the presence of NCP increased the number of heteroatoms and, hence, the polarity of the modified bitumen, thereby improving the adhesion of bitumen toward the aggregate. A small difference in softening point between the top and bottom is an indicator of NCPMB with good high-temperature storage stability. Asphalt Pavement Analyser (APA) outcomes reaffirmed the structural improvement of the modified asphalt mixture and rutting resistance was increased.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanoceramic; modified bitumen; chemical; physical; contact angle
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Depositing User: PM Dr. Ramdhansyah Putra Jaya
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 07:48
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 07:48
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25623
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