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Pozzolanic reactivity and strength activity index of mortar containing palm oil clinker pretreated with hydrochloric acid

Amalina Hanani, Ismail and Kusbiantoro, Andri and Chin, Siew Choo and Khairunisa, Muthusamy and Mukhlis, Islam and Tee, K. F. (2019) Pozzolanic reactivity and strength activity index of mortar containing palm oil clinker pretreated with hydrochloric acid. Journal of Cleaner Production, 242 (118565). pp. 1-10. ISSN 0959-6526 (print), 1879-1786 (online)

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Abstract

Palm oil clinker powder (POCP) is an agro waste material that is often overlooked due to its low pozzolanic reactivity and contaminated with impurities and organic carbon. Therefore this study was proposed to enhance the pozzolanic reactivity of palm oil clinker powder through a chemical pre-treatment process. Characterization of treated and untreated POCP is determined through chemical oxides composition, mineralogical characteristics and microstructure properties. Its effect on the hydration of cement was studied through the inclusion as cement replacement material in mortar mixtures at the level of substitution of 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 12.5 and 15.0% (by weight of cement) for pre-treated and untreated POCP. Based on the findings, the pre-treatment process would enhance the pozzolanic reactivity of POCP up to 170% higher, increase the proportion of amorphous silica up to 9.6% higher, and better contribute to the strength development of mortar than untreated POCP. Hence, proving the effectiveness of chemical pre-treatment in producing pozzolanic POCP as a promising supplementary cement material.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil clinker; Pre-treatment; Pozzolanic; Strength; Cement
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 03:58
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 03:58
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26484
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