Formulation of Capra Hircus feed to utilize Artocarpus Heterophyllus Leaves and Palm Acid Oil (PAO)

Farah Amalina, Ishak and Muhammad Haziq, Jamil and Abdul Syukor, Abd Razak and Ab Hamid, Mohd Rashid and Nadzirah Izzati, K. A. (2019) Formulation of Capra Hircus feed to utilize Artocarpus Heterophyllus Leaves and Palm Acid Oil (PAO). In: Energy Security And Chemical Engineering Congress (ESCHE) 2019, 17-19 July 2019 , Parkroyal Resort, Penang, Malaysia. pp. 1-7.. (Unpublished)

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Palm Acid Oil (PAO) is the by-product from physical refining product of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). PAO is the product from the last portion of converted Crude Palm Oil (CPO) in the end of that consist free fatty acid (FFA) >50%. The chemical properties in the PAO can make it be a part of animal feed as it is low in free fatty acid (FFA) and cheaper than CPO [1]. This study is focus on reducing the negative impact to the environment by utilizing the waste of POME, jackfruit leaves and soybean waste. Three formulations were tested on goats to determine the most suitable formulation. The formulations have different amount of each material. The nutrient in each formulation was calculated based on feeding guides by Department of Veterinary entitled nutrient composition of Malaysian feed materials and guides to feeding of cattle and goats [3]. Three goats were involved in this study. Two goats were fed with the formulations. Meanwhile, the other one was fed with its regular feeds which is Napier grass Taiwan and commercial pellet that act as a control. The result obtained will be compared with the control goat. The feed intake of each goat was recorded. As results, the suitable formulation of the composition of waste material had been choose as they can increase the weight and performance of Asian domestic goats. The uses of waste proved which is development of waste to be animal feed to meet the green technology and Malaysia Industrial revolution in livestock industries [2].

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm Acid Oil (PAO); Capra Hircus
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Faculty of Industrial Management
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 01:45
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 08:12
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