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Tchebichef image watermarking along the edge using YCoCg-R color space for copyright protection

Ernawan, Ferda (2019) Tchebichef image watermarking along the edge using YCoCg-R color space for copyright protection. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 9 (3). pp. 1850-1860. ISSN 2088-8708

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Easy creation and manipulation of digital images present the potential danger of counterfeiting and forgery. Watermarking technique which embeds a watermark into the images can be used to overcome these problems and to provide copyright protection. Digital image watermarking should meet requirements, e.g. maintain image quality, difficult to remove the watermark, quality of watermark extraction, and applicable. This research proposes Tchebichef watermarking along the edge based on YCoCg-R color space. The embedding region is selected by considering the human visual characteristics (HVC) entropy. The selected blocks with minimum of HVC entropy values are transformed by Tchebichef moments. The locations of C(0,1), C(1,0), C(0,2) and C(2,0) of the matrix moment are randomly embedded for each watermark bit. The proposed watermarking scheme produces a good imperceptibility by average SSIM value around 0.98. The watermark recovery has greater resistant after several types of attack than other schemes. © 2019 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by SCOPUS
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Computing
Depositing User: Dr. Ferda Ernawan
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2020 03:02
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2020 03:02
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