Sequential ultrasound-microwave assisted extraction of water soluble proteins from Eurycoma longifolia roots

Elhag, Husam Eldin Elhag Abugabr and Ahmad Ziad, Sulaiman and Azilah, Ajit (2020) Sequential ultrasound-microwave assisted extraction of water soluble proteins from Eurycoma longifolia roots. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Energy Security and Chemical Engineering Congress , 17-19 July 2019, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia , Kuantan, Pahang. pp. 1-15., 736 (022115). ISSN 1757-899X

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Even though Eurycoma longifolia was extensively studied, few researches investigated the protein content in its water extracts with the consideration of establishing the most suitable extraction method to increase their yields with high efficiency and less time consumption. The study applied a sequential extraction method to increase the yields of water soluble proteins (WSPs) in E. longifolia root extracts by the application of two nonconventional extraction methods, Microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE). The study was established by circumscribed central composite designs (CCCDs) to indicate the optimum extraction conditions and the corresponding maximum WSPs yields for both the methods by investigating the MAE factors which were temperature (T); microwave power (W) and irradiation time (i) and UAE factors temperature (T); ultrasonic intensity (UI); and sonication time (s). The optimum conditions of MAE (T: 54oC, W: 301W and i: 15 min) led to the WSPs yield 23.101±1.647% .The optimum conditions of UAE (T: 46oC; UI: 1.84 and s: 24 min) led to 24.181±0.321%. These predicted optimum conditions were then employed for the two proposed sequential extraction method, sequential ultrasound-microwave assisted extraction (SUMAE) and sequential microwave-ultrasound assisted extraction (SMUAE). Results revealed that the highest WSPs yield (27.172±1.086%) was obtained by initiating the sequential extraction with UAE for 10 minutes followed by MAE treatment for 5 minutes was the best extraction process. Therefore, SUMAE illustrated more efficiency than SMUAE. This concluded that the SUMAE is a more efficient extraction process than the one-step nonconventional extraction methods and was nominated for the upscaling of extracting proteins from E. longifolia roots in pilot and industrial scales.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eurycoma Longifolia; Circumscribed Central Composite Design; Ultrasound Assisted Extraction; Microwave Assisted Extraction; Sequential Extraction
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 07:09
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 04:12
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