University rankings: A review of methodological flaws

Muhammad Ashraf, Fauzi and Tan, Christine Nya-Ling and Mahyuddin, Daud and Muhammad Mukhtar, Noor Awalludin (2020) University rankings: A review of methodological flaws. Issues in Educational Research, 30 (1). pp. 79-96. ISSN 1837-6290 (Online). (Published)

2020- IIER-University rankings- A review of methodological flaws.pdf

Download (277kB) | Preview


University rankings have gradually become an issue for concern in the academic community worldwide. Several mechanisms with different methodologies have been developed to rank the universities appropriately. However, some ranking tools have notable issues, especially with the indicators adopted. Some are based merely on research performance, whilst others have focused solely on specific fields, such as science and technology - which could have deprived those in the arts and social sciences. This paper uses a narrative review to highlight a number of inconsistencies in the methodologies applied to rank universities. Five main ranking tools commonly applied to the world's universities are reviewed, namely Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Leiden University ranking and Webometrics ranking. We found that several flaws in the rankings caused inconsistencies in university placings in different rankings. Suggestions for integrating multiple criteria and indicators for better ranking exercises are proposed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: University rankings; academic quality
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Management
Depositing User: Dr. Muhammad Ashraf Fauzi
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2020 02:41
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2020 02:41
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item