UMP Institutional Repository

Modelling emergency evacuation from an industrial building under spreading fire using a social force model with fire dynamics

Benseghir, Hocine and Abdullah, Ibrahim and Siddique, Md. Nurul Islam and Kabir, M. Nomani and Alginahi, Yasser M. (2019) Modelling emergency evacuation from an industrial building under spreading fire using a social force model with fire dynamics. In: 11th Malaysian Technical Universities Conference on Engineering and Technology (MUCET 2019), 19-20 November 2019 , Kuantan, Pahang. pp. 1-7.. (Unpublished)

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Modelling emergency evacuation from an industrial building1.pdf

Download (20kB) | Preview

Abstract

Study of human evacuation from industrial buildings under spreading fire is a challenging research area. Modelling evacuation dynamics under spreading fire is crucial to evaluate the crowd risk and safety in emergency evacuation. The paper presents a crowd dynamics model for emergency evacuation from an industrial building under spreading fire. This model is formulated by integrating a social force model with fire dynamics to investigate the evacuation process under spreading fire. The evacuation model was implemented in MATLAB to simulate the human dynamics for evacuation from a large single-story building under fire with a single exit door. The test results demonstrate that the overall evacuation time was affected by numerous factors for instance: fire spreading rate, crowd density and exit-width. The proposed model can be used to simulate the efficiency of the evacuation process from an industrial building, and thus, it can enhance the design of industries to increase the safety level.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crowd Dynamics, Emergency Evacuation, Social Force Model, Fire Dynamics, Industry Building;
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2020 09:09
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2020 04:59
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/28262
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item