Effect of excitation frequency on magnetic response induced by front- and back-side slits measured by a differential AMR sensor probe

Mohd Aufa Hadi Putera, Zaini and Mohd Mawardi, Saari and Nurul A'in, Nadzri and Aiman, Mohd Halil and Ahmad Jamil Sulaiman, Hanifah and M., Ishak (2020) Effect of excitation frequency on magnetic response induced by front- and back-side slits measured by a differential AMR sensor probe. In: InECCE2019: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Electrical, Control & Computer Engineering, 29 July 2019 , Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 15-24., 632. ISBN 978-981-15-2316-8

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Defects in steel structures is one of the major problems that may affect the functionality of the structure. Thus, the detection of the defects is fairly cru-cial to prevent any unwanted accident from occurring. Nondestructive Testing (NDT) is a group of methods that is widely used in order to detect those defects, especially cracks. This paper will be focusing on the detection of cracks (artificial slits) by using the Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) technique in the magnetic method of NDT. A non-saturated differential MFL probe consists of two AMR sensors has been fabricated for the detection of front as well as back side slits. A measurement system which incorporates the developed probe attached on an XY-stage, a set/reset circuit, an amplifier circuit, a DAQ card and PC is constructed where an XY-stage controller and a digital lock-in amplifier are developed with the implementation of LabVIEW. Then, the developed MFL probe’s perfor-mance is evaluated by running a number of line scan measurements on a 2-mm galvanized steel plate sample engraved with artificial slits with depths that varies from 1.0 mm to 1.6 mm with variable excitation frequencies. The results show promising output where the slits could be successfully detected and its position could be further estimated. Furthermore, the correlation between the slit depth and difference (delta value) between the signal peaks and troughs could also be founded. Consequently, the optimum excitation frequency can be determined by plotting a graph of slope of trendline of the delta values versus the frequency.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series
Uncontrolled Keywords: Non-destructive testing; NDT; Magnetic flux leakage; MFL; Anisotropic magnetoresistance; AMR
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Mawardi Saari
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 07:49
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 07:49
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/28625
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