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A mathematical model of lung functionality using pressure signal for volume-controlled ventilation

Al-Hetari, Husam Y. and Kabir, M. Nomani and Al-Rumaima, Mahmoud A. and Al-Naggar, Noman Q. and Alginahi, Yasser M. and Hasan, Md Munirul (2020) A mathematical model of lung functionality using pressure signal for volume-controlled ventilation. In: IEEE International Conference on Automatic Control and Intelligent Systems (I2CACIS 2020), 15 July 2020 , Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. pp. 135-140.. ISBN 978-1-7281-6133-4

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Abstract

Mechanical Ventilation is used to support the respiratory system malfunction by assisting recovery breathing process which could result from diseases and viruses such as pneumonia and COVID-19. Mathematical models are used to study and simulate the respiratory system supported by mechanical ventilation using different modes such as volume-controlled ventilation (VCV). In this research, a single compartment lung model ventilated by VCV is developed during real time mechanical ventilation using pressure signal. This mathematical model describes the lung volume and compliance correctly considering positive end expiration pressure (PEEP) value. The model is implemented using LabVIEW tools and can be used to monitor the volume, flow and compliance as outputs of the model. Two experiments are carried out on the proposed lung model at three input scenarios of volume (400, 500 and 600 ml) for each experiment considering a PEEP value. To validate the model, an artificial lung connected to a VCV with the same scenarios is used. Validation check is conducted by comparing the outputs of the lung model to that of the artificial lung. The experimental results showed that the measured lung model outputs with negative feedback are the same for pressure and flow as the outputs without negative feedback, whereas the measured volume is comparatively lower for negative feedback. Average percent error in the experiment with negative feedback (5.14%) is smaller compared to the experiment without negative feedback (9.28%). Furthermore, the average error of the calculated compliance decreases from 16% (without negative feedback) to 2% (with negative feedback). The obtained results of the proposed method showed good performance and acceptable accuracy. Thus, the model facilitates the clinicians and practitioners as a training tool to learn real-time mechanical ventilation functionalities.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanical ventilation; Volume-controlled ventilators; Lung compliance; Positive end expiration pressure (PEEP); Negative feedback; Lung model; COVID-19
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Computing
Depositing User: Dr. Muhammad Nomani Kabir
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2020 07:58
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2020 03:32
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/29303
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