Dietary knowledge among adults with type 2 diabetes - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Sami, Waqas and Alabdulwahhab, Khalid M. and Ab Hamid, Mohd Rashid and Alasbali, Tariq A. and Al Alwadani, Fahd and Ahmad, Mohammad Shakil (2020) Dietary knowledge among adults with type 2 diabetes - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (3). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1661-7827. (Published)

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Dietary management is considered as a major step in assessing a patient’s knowledge related to nutritional aspects, treatment, and complications of diabetes. Diabetes patients frequently face difficulty in identifying the recommended diet, including its quality and quantity. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), sedentary lifestyle, along with food choices and portion sizes, have increased considerably and this has resulted in the soaring risk of diabetes. In addition, there is paucity of literature focusing on the Dietary Knowledge (DK) of type 2 diabetics in KSA. The study aimed to assess and evaluate the DK of type 2 diabetics. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 350 type 2 diabetics using a valid and reliable self-prepared questionnaire comprising of 21 questions. Results showed that type 2 diabetics had an overall poor DK (28.57%). Sub-group analysis further revealed that diabetes patients had poor knowledge related to the consumption of carbohydrates and food choices, whereas they had good knowledge related to lipids and fats, proteins and food types. The role of diet in controlling of diabetes is considered imperative, but still, diabetes patients are unaware how they should approach this issue. The patient empowerment approach can be used to counsel patients with a poor DK. Primary care physicians and dietitians should work together and carry out individualized, tailored and patient-centered dietary education sessions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dietary knowledge; Type 2 diabetes; Nutrition intake; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Faculty/Division: Center for Mathematical Science
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 08:01
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2021 08:01
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