The mechanical properties of concrete incorporating steel slag as supplementary cementitious material

Li, Xiaofeng and Doh, Shu Ing and Feng, Weiying and Albtoosh, Ja'far A. Aldiabat and Chong, Beng Wei (2020) The mechanical properties of concrete incorporating steel slag as supplementary cementitious material. Key Engineering Materials, 879. p. 81. ISSN 1013-9826 (print); 1662-9795 (online) (Submitted)

2021 (UMPIR) The Mechanical Properties of Concrete Incorporating Steel Slag as Supplementary Cementitious Material.pdf - Accepted Version

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Steel slag (SS) is a kind of industrial solid waste usually been dumped at landfills and causes environmental pollution. Previous studies have demonstrated that SS can be an alternative material to be used for making concrete and could achieve good mechanical properties, which not only reduce natural resources depletion but also improve environmental quality. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of SS as supplementary cementitious material (SCM) partially replacing cement on workability and mechanical properties of fresh and hardened concrete. X-ray fluorescence test, slump test, compressive strength test and ultra-pulse velocity test have been conducted. Mix designs are determined with replacement proportion of cement by SS of 0, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%. Results show that replacement of cement by SS up to 50% increase the workability of concrete. The density of concrete ranges from 2083 to 2373 kglm3, with and without replacement of SS at curing age of 1-day, 3-day and 28-day. Compressive strength of concretes incorporating SS is lower than that of plain concrete. I-day and 3-day compressive strength of concrete incorporating SS decrease with the increase in replacement of SS while 28-day compressive strength reach peak at 30% replacement and further replacement of SS reduce 28-day compressive strength. The ultra-pulse velocity (UPV) values of concrete have good relationship with compressive strength with the correlation coefficient of 0.92, 0.87 and 0. 70 of I-day, 3-day and 28-day experiment data, respectively. This study indicates the SS can be used for making concrete.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Doh Shu Ing
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 08:33
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 08:33
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