Effects of brown seaweeds on postprandial glucose, insulin and appetite in humans–a randomized, 3-way, blinded, cross-over meal study

Nazikussabah, Zaharudin and Tullin, Mikkel and Pekmez, Ceyda Tugba and Sloth, Jens J. and Rasmussen, Rie R. and Dragsted, Lars O. (2021) Effects of brown seaweeds on postprandial glucose, insulin and appetite in humans–a randomized, 3-way, blinded, cross-over meal study. Clinical Nutrition, 40 (3). pp. 830-838. ISSN 0261-5614. (Published)


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Seaweed including brown seaweeds with rich bioactive components may be efficacious for a glycaemic management strategy and appetite control. We investigated the effects of two brown edible seaweeds, Laminaria digitata (LD) and Undaria pinnatifida (UP), on postprandial glucose metabolism and appetite following a starch load in a human meal study. Methods: Twenty healthy subjects were enrolled in a randomized, 3-way, blinded cross-over trial. The study was registered under ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier no. NCT00123456. At each test day, the subjects received one of three meals comprising 30 g of starch with 5 g of LD or UP or an energy-adjusted control meal containing pea protein. Fasting and postprandial blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide and glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1) concentrations were measured. Subjective appetite sensations were scored using visual analogue scales (VAS). Results: Linear mixed model (LMM) analysis showed a lower blood glucose, insulin and C-peptide response following the intake of LD and UP, after correction for body weight. Participants weighing 63 kg had a reduced glucose response compared to control meal between 40 and 90 min both following LD and UP meals. Furthermore, LMM analysis for C-peptide showed a significantly lower response after intake of LD. Compared to the control meal, GLP-1 response was higher after the LD meal, both before and after the body weight adjustment. The VAS scores showed a decreased appetite sensation after intake of the seaweeds. Ad-libitum food intake was not different three hours after the seaweed meals compared to control. Conclusions: Concomitant ingestion of brown seaweeds may help improving postprandial glycaemic and appetite control in healthy and normal weight adults, depending on the dose per body weight.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Nazikussabah Zaharudin
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2021 01:44
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2021 01:44
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/31563
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