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Utilization of central composite design in optimization of microbial growth inhibition using ananas comosus leaves juice

Amirah, Ya’acob and N., Zainol (2021) Utilization of central composite design in optimization of microbial growth inhibition using ananas comosus leaves juice. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, The 2nd International Conference on Innovative Technology, Engineering and Sciences (iCITES 2020), 22-23 December 2020 , Pekan Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 1-12., 1092 (012087). ISSN 1757-899X

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Abstract

Microbial growth inhibitors have been very effective for the prevention of disease transmission and infection. For this study, pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaves juice (PLJ) was use as microbial growth inhibitor (MGI) because of its higher phenolic content. Microbe from contaminated pineapple leaves was use as tested microbe. The selected operating conditions in this study were temperature and microbial inhibition time with the range between 35 to 39 °C and 10 to 50 min respectively. Microbial growth inhibition experimental design set-up was constructed using Design Expert software (Version 7.1.6) to analyze the condition required. The experiments was conducted according to the central composite design (CCD) in two variables of the surface response methodology (RSM) to determine the optimum conditions for inhibiting microbial growth. Quadratic polynomial model was constructed to predict the microbial growth inhibition. A quadratic polynomial model was generated to predict microbial growth inhibition. Microbial growth inhibition was measured using the method of colony formation unit (CFU) counting. The RSM result showed that microbial inhibition time had a major impact on inhibition of microbial development. The optimum conditions were 37 °C and 34.25 min with a 94.73% microbial growth inhibition. In this condition, microbe growth was predicted to be at a minimum rate due to inhibition of the phenolic compound in PLJ. The optimum state of this study will be useful for the use of PLJ in pineapple plantation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: The 2nd International Conference on Innovative Technology, Engineering and Sciences (iCITES 2020) 22nd-23rd December 2020, Pekan Pahang, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: pineapple leaves juice; phenolic compounds; microbial growth inhibitor; optimization; response surface methodology
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 02:55
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 02:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/31684
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