Application of iron‐cobalt‐copper (Fe‐Co–Cu) trimetallic nanoparticles on anaerobic digestion (AD) for biogas production

Jadhav Pramod, Chandrakant and Zaied, Khalid and Krishnan, Santhana and Bhuyar, Prakash and A. W., Zularisam and Abdul Syukor, Abd Razak and Mohd Nasrullah, Zulkifli (2022) Application of iron‐cobalt‐copper (Fe‐Co–Cu) trimetallic nanoparticles on anaerobic digestion (AD) for biogas production. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. pp. 1-11. ISSN 2190-6823. (Published)

[img] Pdf
Application of iron‐cobalt‐copper.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a commercial technology for bioenergy technology, which is a naturally occurring process of various microbial actions that break down organic waste materials and produce energy as biogas. Nevertheless, AD efficiency can be reduced due to substrate loading, ammonia inhibition, low methane yield, and impure feedstock. The supplementation of various metal nanoparticles (NPs) has shown significant results for higher biogas production in the AD process. Iron (Fe)–based NPs are an essential complement to microbes for higher biogas production in the AD process. In this study, Fe-Co–Cu TMNPs were synthesized via the chemical co-precipitation method using metal salt (Fe(NO3)3, Co(NO3)2, Cu(NO3)2), and precipitants. The structure and morphology of the TMNPs are characterized by Fourier-transformation (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM/EDX). Furthermore, the effect of Fe-Co–Cu trimetallic nanoparticles (TMNPs) in five different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 mg/L) on palm oil mill effluent (POME)–based AD process for biogas production. The results showed that biogas yield increased by 5.66%, 7.54%, and 11.11% when using 20, 30, and 50 mg/L Fe-Co–Cu TMNPs. With the same TMNP concentration (10 mg/L and 40 mg/L), biogas yield was reduced by 26.41% and 11.11%, respectively. The economic feasibility and sustainability of Fe-Co–Cu TMNPs manufacturing and applying Fe-Co–Cu TMNPs in the AD process have been demonstrated. The assay showed the negative and positive effects of Fe-Co–Cu TMNPs in the POME-based AD process. The result of the present study indicates a possible new strategy for the preparation and design of NPs to enhance biogas production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Fe-Co–Cu, POME, Trimetallic nanoparticles
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2022 05:38
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2022 05:38
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item