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Modeling and performance enhancements of a gas turbine combined cycle power plant

Thamir Khalil, Ibrahim (2012) Modeling and performance enhancements of a gas turbine combined cycle power plant. PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

This thesis deals with modelling and performance enhancements of a gas-turbine combined cycle power plant. A clean and safe energy is the greatest challenges to meet the requirements of green environment. These requirements given way the long time governing authority of steam turbine (ST) in the world power generation, and gas turbine (GT) and its combined cycle (CCGT) will replace it. Therefore, it is necessary to predict the characteristics of the CCGT system and optimize its operating strategy by developing a simulation system. Several configurations of the GT and CCGT plants systems are proposed by thermal analysis. The integrated model and simulation code for exploiting the performance of gas turbine and CCGT power plant are developed utilizing MATLAB code. New strategies for GT and CCGT power plant's operational modelling and optimizations are suggested for power plant operation, to improve overall performance. The effect of various enhancing strategies on the performance of the CCGT power plant (two-shaft, intercooler, regenerative, reheat, and multi-pressure heat recovery steam generator (HRSG)) based on the real GT and CCGT power plants. An extensive thermodynamic analysis of the modifications of the most common configuration's enhancements has been carried out. The performance code for heavy-duty GT and CCGT power plants are validated with the real power plant of Baiji GT and MARAFIQ CCGT plants the results have been satisfactory. The simulating results show that the reheated GT has a higher power (388MW) while the higher thermal efficiency occurs in the regenerative GT (52%) with optimal pressure ratio and turbine inlet temperature. The performance enhancing strategies results show that the higher power output occurs in the intercooler-reheat GT strategy (404MW). Furthermore, the higher thermal efficiency (56.9%) and lower fuel consumption (0.13kg/kWh) occur in the intercooler-regenerative-reheat GT strategy. The analyses of the HRSG configurations show that the maximum power output (1238MW) occurred in the supplementary triple pressure with reheat CCGT while the overall efficiency was about 56.6%. The intercooler-reheat CCGT strategy has higher power output (1637MW) and the higher overall thermal efficiency (59.4%) and lower fuel consumption (0.047kg/kWh) occur with the regenerative-reheat CCGT strategy. The simulation result shows that the proposed GT system improved 19% of thermal efficiency and 22% of power output. In addition, the proposed CCGT system improved 4.6% of thermal efficiency for and 22.5% of power output. The optimization result shows that the optimum power (1280MW) and the overall thermal efficiency (65%) of the supplementary triple pressure with reheat CCGT. Therefore, the optimization procedure is reasonably accurate and efficient. Thus, the operation conditions and ambient temperature are strongly influenced on the overall performance of the GT and CCGT. The optimum efficiency and power are found at higher turbine inlet temperatures. It can be comprehended that the developed models are powerful tools for estimating the overall performance of the CCGT plants. The energy and exergy analysis models for the GT and CCGT plants are highly recommended for predicting them performance based on inlet air cooling system.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2012, SV : Dr. Md. Mustafizur Rahman
Uncontrolled Keywords: Combined cycle power plants; Gas power plants
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Nik Ahmad Nasyrun Nik Abd Malik
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2013 04:10
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2017 02:19
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3497
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