Microstructure analysis of porous asphalt incorporating kenaf fiber in the pavement

Khairil Azman, Masri and Nur Hamizah, Katini and Ahmad Kamil, Arshad and Shahnewaz, Shoaib and Rashida, Ferdaus (2022) Microstructure analysis of porous asphalt incorporating kenaf fiber in the pavement. In: Materials Today: Proceedings, International Symposium of Reaction Engineering, Catalysis & Sustainable Energy (RECaSE 2021) , 6 April 2021 , Virtual Conference, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 1191-1195., 57 (3). ISSN 2214-7853

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Hot mix asphalt (HMA) is the most of the popular pavement in Malaysia and most economical materials available. Besides that, this pavement type also very suitable with this country climate but HMA need frequency rehabilitation and maintenance due the damages caused by traffic load. In ways to minimize the damage and increase the services life of pavement, modification of asphalt binder is one of the approaches to improve pavement performance and services life. HMA can be modified with many types of fibre including natural fibre. This study utilises the usage of natural fibre as modifier of porous asphalt. The performance of modified porous asphalt is assessed by microstructure analysis. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FTIR), Powder X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), and Permanence Deformation Resistance are some of the laboratory results that have been used. The characteristics of PA modification with 0.3% kenaf fibre are demonstrated in this research. In the interior structure of PA, kenaf fiber diffuses effectively. C and Ca elements contributed the most in the experiment, as did the element and chemical content of PA modified with kenaf fiber. In comparison to the control specimen, changed PA has more persistent deformation and PA with 0.6% kenaf fiber had the greatest resilient modulus value. From the results, it displays that the addition of natural fibre is able to enhance the performance of porous asphalt. This study also promotes the sustainable building materials especially in pavement construction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural fiber, Porous asphalt, Microstructure analysis, Scanning electron microscope
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
College of Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2022 03:50
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2022 03:54
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/35226
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