Development of a computer simulation on road pricing strategy to reduce congestion and carbon dioxide emission: A system dynamics approach

Ahmarof, Ahmad Afif and kamaruzzaman, zetty ain and Abdul Rahman, Hamirahanim and Masri, K. A. and Abdul Rahim, Nadirah and Shariff, S.Sarifah Radiah and Idrus, Zanariah and Ismail, Siti Nurbaya and Ahmad, Afida (2022) Development of a computer simulation on road pricing strategy to reduce congestion and carbon dioxide emission: A system dynamics approach. In: 6th IEEE International Conference on Recent Advances and Innovations in Engineering, ICRAIE 2021, 1 - 3 December 2021 , Kedah, Virtual. pp. 1-6. (177296). ISBN 978-1-6654-3402-7

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Road congestion influences the quality of lifestyle for urban areas including Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia. It is predicted that the demand for mobility in the city will be increased tremendously in the next ten years. Consequently, this problem has contributed to air pollution caused by carbon dioxide emissions. One of the solutions suggested by the expertise is road pricing via a direct charge to drivers who use the road during peak hours. In this regard, this research aims to develop a computer simulation based on a system dynamic approach for mitigating congestion and carbon dioxide emission via a road pricing strategy. Firstly, the identified variables were correlated to understand the behavior of the system. Subsequently, the correlated variables were embedded in the stock-flow diagram based on the system dynamics approach to investigate how a variable affects another variable. Then, the developed model was simulated for evaluating the impact of road pricing strategy in reducing congestion and carbon dioxide emission. As a result, the emission of carbon dioxide can be reduced to 6 percent in six days if road pricing is implemented. From the managerial perspective, this research helps highway stakeholders in Malaysia towards making a better decision in enforcing road pricing strategy in the fast-moving city for a better lifestyle and environment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon dioxide emission; Computer simulation; Congestion; Road pricing; System dynamics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Management
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Zetty Ain Kamaruzzaman
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2023 05:25
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2023 05:25
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