Microcutting performance monitoring – investigation on tool failure criterion

Ainur Munira, Rosli (2022) Microcutting performance monitoring – investigation on tool failure criterion. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (Contributors, Thesis advisor: Ahmad Shahir, Jamaludin).

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In recent years, there is an increasing demand for miniaturized components from various industries, such as biomedical, aerospace, electronics, automotive, and military industries, due to their technology advancement. As the technology advanced, the trend shows the components had become smaller and lighter but still carry out the same or more improved function. One of the processes that can create intricate small components is the microcutting process, where it can create micro sized components or prototype with cost effective and high-quality end product. However, the specific micro machining machine itself is expensive to own rather than using the conventional end milling machine that was already owned to carry out a microcutting process. In order to make this happen, this research studies the tool wear behaviour during low-speed microcutting of aluminium alloy 6065 and AISI 1045 steel material, where a tungsten carbide (wc) tool of 1.0mm and four flute is utilized. This is because we recognize that one of the essential factors in microcutting process is the micro cutting tool itself. The tool failure or wear effects the cost, average surface roughness, functionality, and the quality of the finished product greatly. The research is conducted under different cutting condition with varying feed rate of 0.001mm/tooth to 0.005mm/tooth and cutting speed of 3.142m/min to 9.425m/min using side milling process where the side flank face wear progression of the tool is measured. Then, the average surface roughness and chip size data are collected using a 3D laser measurement microscope. Based on the results, there is a similar tool wear trend of the microcutting process with the conventional methods. The tool shows more rapid wear rate and reduced tool life during micro cutting of AISI 1045 steel as it has higher material hardness compared to aluminium alloy 6065 although the machining process is still achievable. The premature tool failure of low-speed microcutting process is often focused on the entrance of the workpiece. Other than that, it is found that there are some instances where the average surface roughness had decreased abruptly when it is reaching the fracture zone, which is caused by the geometrical effect from the worn edge of the tool. This could be applied in future design of the micro tool suitable for low-speed machining. It is also concluded that appropriate selection of machining conditions has the potential to reduce tool wear rate and encourage longer tool life.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (Master of Science) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2022, SV: DR. AHMAD SHAHIR BIN JAMALUDIN, NO. CD: 13156
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microcutting performance monitoring, tool failure criterion
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronic Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Nik Ahmad Nasyrun Nik Abd Malik
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2023 02:12
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 06:46
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/36823
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