A review of digital watermarking techniques, characteristics and attacks in text documents

Usop, Nur Alya Afikah and Hisham, Syifak Izhar (2021) A review of digital watermarking techniques, characteristics and attacks in text documents. In: Advances in Robotics, Automation and Data Analytics. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 1350 (1350). Springer, Switzerland, pp. 256-271. ISBN 978-3-030-70916-7

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Security plays an important role in many sectors and industries. Nowadays, scams and illegal movements are spreading around the world. Copyright protection for PDF documentation is one of the focus in digital watermarking. Hence, a study was conducted on the related research of digital watermarking on PDF which is text documentation. This paper shows a review of watermarking techniques, characteristics, and possibility of attacks in text document format. This paper also discusses the comparisons between the existing scheme with different domains. The results can be seen from the dominant approaches in text digital watermarking which are the structural approach and hybrid approach. Based on the experimental phase, attacks are in a few formats such as insertion attack and removal attack. These are frequently used to test the robustness of digital watermarks that are embedded into an object.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: PDF document; Digital watermarking; Text watermarking technique; Text watermarking attack; Digital watermarking characteristic
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Computing
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2023 00:42
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2023 00:42
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/37257
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