The automatic focus segmentation of multi-focus image fusion

Kamarul Hawari, Ghazali and Ismail, . (2022) The automatic focus segmentation of multi-focus image fusion. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences, 70 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0239-7528. (Published)

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Multi-focus image fusion is a method of increasing the image quality and preventing image redundancy. It is utilized in many fields such as medical diagnostic, surveillance, and remote sensing. There are various algorithms available nowadays. However, a common problem is still there, i.e. the method is not sufficient to handle the ghost effect and unpredicted noises. Computational intelligence has developed quickly over recent decades, followed by the rapid development of multi-focus image fusion. The proposed method is multi-focus image fusion based on an automatic encoder-decoder algorithm. It uses deeplabV3+ architecture. During the training process, it uses a multi-focus dataset and ground truth. Then, the model of the network is constructed through the training process. This model was adopted in the testing process of sets to predict the focus map. The testing process is semantic focus processing. Lastly, the fusion process involves a focus map and multi-focus images to configure the fused image. The results show that the fused images do not contain any ghost effects or any unpredicted tiny objects. The assessment metric of the proposed method uses two aspects. The first is the accuracy of predicting a focus map, the second is an objective assessment of the fused image such as mutual information, SSIM, and PSNR indexes. They show a high score of precision and recall. In addition, the indexes of SSIM, PSNR, and mutual information are high. The proposed method also has more stable performance compared with other methods. Finally, the Resnet50 model algorithm in multi-focus image fusion can handle the ghost effect problem well.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep learning; Multi-focus image fusion; ResNet50
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2023 08:08
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2023 08:08
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