Cognitive, Social, and Teaching Presences among Postgraduate Students on the Mobile Instant Messaging Platform

Siti Norzaimalina, Abd Majid and Abdul Rahim, Salam (2023) Cognitive, Social, and Teaching Presences among Postgraduate Students on the Mobile Instant Messaging Platform. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 9 (Special Issue). pp. 219-233. ISSN 2229-9327. (Published)

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This study examines the portrayal of cognitive, social, and teaching presence among postgraduate students using mobile instant messaging in a fully online learning environment. Understanding the portrayal of these presences can help researchers to gain insights into the specific dynamics of these presences and develop strategies to optimize the learning experience among postgraduate students. However, a lack of evidence on how cognitive, social, and teaching presence is portrayed in this platform makes it difficult to identify possible gaps where postgraduates may need more assistance. This study conducted a qualitative content analysis of 2074 messages from four groups on WhatsApp’s mobile instant messaging application. From the research, 68% of the messages demonstrated social presence, 25% teaching presence, and 7% indicated cognitive presence. The cognitive presence on WhatsApp was the least demonstrated, as students preferred rich mediums like video conferencing to engage in discussions that require higher-order thinking skills. Future research can consider analyzing how students show presences using multiple mediums and explore how cognitive, social, and teaching presences are dynamically interplayed in different mediums using a qualitative approach.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive presence; the community of inquiry; Mobile Instant Messaging platform; postgraduate students; social presence; teaching presence
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Faculty/Division: Centre For Modern Languages and Human Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Siti Norzaimalina Abd Majid
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 06:42
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2023 06:42
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