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Decanter Cake as a Feedstock for Biodiesel Production: A First Report

Gaanty Pragas, Maniam and Noor, Hindryawati and Irma, Nurfitri and Rajan, Jose and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and Farrah Aini, Dahalan and M. M., Yusoff (2013) Decanter Cake as a Feedstock for Biodiesel Production: A First Report. Energy Conversion and Management, 76 . pp. 527-532. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract

Decanter cake (DC), with an oil content of 11.5 ± 0.18 wt.%, was subjected to ultrasound-aided transesterification using boiler ash as a base catalyst, petroleum ether and hexane as co-solvents. Optimization work revealed that at MeOH:oil mass ratio of 6:1 and 2.3 wt.% catalyst (based on DC weight) with 1:2 co-solvents:DC mass ratio as the optimal reaction conditions. Both decanter cake and boiler ash, waste materials from oil palm mill, were successfully utilized to produce methyl ester (biodiesel) with highest conversion of 85.9 wt.% in a 1 h reaction period at 55 C.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Decanter cake; In situ transesterification; Ultrasound; Boiler ash; Biodiesel
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Gaanty Pragas Maniam
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 08:09
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 08:11
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3895
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