Oil Palm Frond (OPF) as an alternative source of pulp and paper production materials

Mohamad Izzuddin, Yakari (2008) Oil Palm Frond (OPF) as an alternative source of pulp and paper production materials. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.


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The paper and paperboard industry in Malaysia grew from 1.6% to 35% from 1993 to 2000. The growth highlights the potential of using the 26.2 millions tonnes of oil palm frond (OPF) for pulp and paper production. The research has indicated that the chemical composition of OPF fibers lie between that of hardwoods and that of straws and grasses. OPF fibers can easily be pulped using the chemical process, producing pulp and paper of better properties than most hardwoods pulps. This research also highlights the beating effect in terms of the fiber morphology, paper strength and properties. A P.F.I Mill used to beat the OPF pulps. The beaten pulp was made into fiber network for morphological measurements and the stocks were tested for freeness and drainage time. Handsheets were made from pulp samples taken at different times during the beating process and standard physical test were carried out to give refining curves. The fiber length and diameter decrease with the degree of beating cause of the fragmentation. The soda pulp also gives the effect on drainage time which is increasing with the degree of beating. The content stock freeness (CSF) is decrease with the degree of beating cause of increasing the surface area to absorb water of fine fiber. The high degrees of beating give the strength paper which showed in burst and tensile indices. The study showed that beating effect of soda-AQ pulp produced pulp with different fiber morphology, strength and paper properties.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: For FULL TEXT, email umplibrary.ir@gmail.com Project paper ( Bachelor of Chemical Engineering ) --- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2008
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fragmentation reactions Pulping
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Rosfadilla Mohamad Zainun
Date Deposited: 03 May 2010 04:13
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2021 06:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/662
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